Sample Questions from the Licensed Battlefield
Guide Written Exam

Note: The following was developed and given out as part of the exam application process for many years. Since the development of the Tiered Licensing Process in 2015 the exam consists of a three-hour, 300 plus objective questions all fill-in-the-blank.  In the afternoon an additional three-hour all essay component is administered.  The scores on both exams are equally weighted and combined. But these will give a general idea of the types of questions you might expect. 


1. General John Buford’s Cavalry Division consisted of two brigades commanded by _________________ and _________________.

2. Rodes’ Division was confronted on Oak Ridge by __________ Division

3. On July 2, the left of _________ Brigade, Birney’s Division, __________ Corps, rested on Devil’s Den.

4. The insignia of the 3rd Division of each Union corps was ____________ in color.

5. The Battle of Stones River was also known as the Battle of __________________. The commanders of the opposing armies at Stones River were ________________________ and ________________. (requires both first and last names)

6. A red circle was used as the insignia of the 1st Division, 1st Corps, C.S.A.  True ___ False ___.  NOTE: True – False questions are no longer part of the post-2015 Objective Exams

7. Name one of the monuments on the Gettysburg Battlefield sculpted by Henry Kirke Bush-Brown. ________________.

8. The 10 pounder __________ was a cast iron gun with a wrought iron jacket around the breech.

9. _____________ Division attacked on July 2nd about an hour after Hood’s advance.

10. Name the four brigade commanders in “Allegheny” Johnson’s  Division: ______________________________________________________________.

11. Most southern white families owned slaves. True___ False ___ NOTE: True – False questions are no longer part of the post-2015 Objective Exams

12. The famous Peach Orchard was owed by _________________. It was located at the intersection of the ______________ and _______________ roads and formed the blunt point of ___________. salient. 

13.  Even though the gun carriages on the battlefield are reproductions all of the artillery tubes are original to the battle.  True___ False ___. NOTE: True – False questions are no longer part of the post-2015 Objective Exams

14. How many army corps made up the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg?________.

15. How many of the Union soldiers reburied in the Soldiers National Cemetery are unknown? NOTE: Multiple “Guess” questions no longer appear on the post-2015 Objective Exams.  One may still encounter a question like this but the candidate would now be required to fill the blank with the correct answer. 

(a) 675
(b) 878
(c) 979
(d) 1065
(e) 1664

16. The effective range of a smooth bore 12 pounder was about  (a) 1/2 mile. (b) 2/3 mile, (c) 1 mile, (d) 1 1/2 mile. NOTE: Multiple “Guess” questions no longer appear on the post-2015 Objective Exams.  One may still encounter a question like this but the candidate would now be required to fill the blank with the correct answer. 

17. The park was administered between 1864 and 1865 by __________________________________.

PART B: MATCHING NOTE: Matching questions no longer appear on the post-2015 Objective Exams.  
a. architect……………………………………….1. unionbattery
b. six cannon …………………………………..2. parrot cannon
c. breech-loading cannon ………………….3. Gettysburg NationalMilitary Park
d. General Newton …………………………. 4. Cyclorama
e. High Water Mark ………………………… 5. Whitworth rifle
f. General Barlow ……………………………..6. General Gordon
g. Philippoteaux ……………………………….7. First Corps
h. jacketed breech
i. 400 yards
j. spent ball

Match the name in the left column with the regimental monument in the right column:

a. Sgt. William Lilly                                1. 13th VT
b. Pvt. George Warner                          2. 20th CT
c. Lt. Stephen Brown                             3. 21st PA Cavalry
d. Pvt. George Sandoe                          4. 5th NH
e. Color Sgt Ben Crippen                       5. 149th NY
                                                               6. 143rd PA


The past several exams contained sections of monument photographs where identifying inscriptions are removed and the test taker is asked to identify the unit from a list of possible unit identifications.

PART D: PHOTOGRAPH IDENTIFICATION. NOTE: Recognition questions dealing with identifying obscure individuals no longer appear on the post-2015 qualification exams 

Again, the past several exams included photographs of up to a dozen Civil War personalities which the candidate is asked to identify.


Given a map of the battlefield area the candidate is asked to identify points marked by numbers on the map.  These numbers refer to key road names, the names of geographic features – streams, hills, etc, and key farm owners name.

PART F: ESSAYS  (USUALLY GIVE A CHOICE OF FOUR – YOU WRITE ON THREE) NOTE: The essay component has now been removed and is a separate three-hour exam.  On past exams a total of 16 questions appeared, two in each of the eight testing categories.  The candidate is asked to respond to one question in each category for a total of eight. 

  1. Detail the reasons why General Robert E. Lee chose to move the Army of Northern Virginia across the Potomac River in the summer of 1863.

     2. Discuss the reasons why you feel General Richard Ewell COULD or COULD NOT have taken Cemetery Hill the evening of July 1, 1863.

     3. Could Lee’s grand assault on the center of the Cemetery Ridge position on the afternoon of July 3rd have worked?  Why or why not.

     4. Describe the basic types of artillery found on the Gettysburg battlefield and the types of ammunition they fired.

     5. Discuss the development of battlefield into the Gettysburg National Military Park the first 75 years.

      6. How did President Abraham Lincoln come to be present at Gettysburg for the cemetery dedication in the fall of 1863.

       7. Describe the basic phases of Reconstruction and the impact each had on the south.


Updated: March 15, 2021


In consideration of the services of The Association of Licensed Battlefield Guides®, their officers,  agents, and members, and/or all other persons or entities associated with those businesses (hereinafter collectively  referred to as “ALBG”) I agree as follows: 

Although ALBG has taken reasonable steps to provide me with appropriate equipment and experienced,  skilled guides so I can enjoy an activity for which I may not be skilled, ALBG has informed me this activity is not  without risk. Certain risks are inherent in each activity and cannot be eliminated without destroying the unique  character of the activity. These inherent risks are some of the same elements that contribute to the unique  character of this activity and can be the cause of loss or damage to my equipment, or accidental injury, illness, or  in extreme cases, permanent injury, trauma and/ or death. ALBG does not want to frighten me or reduce my  enthusiasm for this activity, but believes it is important for me to know in advance what to be aware of and to  expect and to be informed of the inherent risks as reasonably as possible. Most programs will be conducted on  the grounds of the Gettysburg National Military Park (“GNMP”). The following describes some, but not all, of  those risks.

  • Tripping, slipping and/or falling on uneven, slippery and/or brush and/or leaf-covered terrain
  • Exposure to severe weather, including but not limited to: Excessive cold, heat and/or humidity, sun,  heavy rain, thunderstorms, lightening and/or high winds 
  • Exposure to stinging insects, poison ivy and/or poison oak 
  • Traffic on GNMP and public roadways adjacent and through GNMP, which may be heavy at times and  may include, but is not limited to: automobiles, buses, motorcycles, scooters, horses, horse-drawn  vehicles, Segways and bicycles 

I am aware that outdoors programs entail risks of injury, trauma and/or death to any participant. I  understand the description of these inherent risks is as complete as is reasonably possible, and that other unknown  or unanticipated inherent risks may result in injury, trauma and/or death. I agree to assume and accept full  responsibility for the inherent risks identified herein and those inherent risks not specifically identified but may  also occur. My participation in this activity is purely voluntary; no one is forcing me to participate and I elect to  participate in spite of and with full knowledge of the inherent risks. 

I acknowledge that engaging in this activity may require a degree of skill and knowledge different than  other activities and that I have responsibilities as a participant. I acknowledge that the staff of ALBG [and the  Staff of the Gettysburg National Military Park who are publicly available to all Visitors for information at no  charge] has been available to more fully explain to me the nature and physical demands of this activity and the  inherent risks, hazards, and dangers associated with this activity. 

I certify that I am fully capable of participating in this activity. Therefore, I assume and accept full  responsibility for myself, including all minor children in my care, custody, and control, for bodily injury, death or  loss of personal property [including but not limited to automobiles, other vehicles, pets, etc.] and expenses as a  result of those inherent risks and dangers identified herein and those inherent risks and dangers not specifically  identified, and as a result of my negligence in participating in this activity. 

I have carefully read, clearly understood and accepted the terms and conditions stated herein and  acknowledge that this agreement shall be effective and binding upon myself, my heirs, assigns, personal  representative and estate and for all members of my family, including minor children.

Close and choose agree to continue with registration.