The Oral Examination Process

Tier 3: Training Weekend

Following the Tier 2 Interview process the top candidates move on to the most difficult part of the entire licensing process – the oral examination.  All successful examinees are informed of the scheduled date for the Tier 3  training and evaluation process. This is usually held on a weekend in late January through mid-February. In this session you will work with a veteran LBG mentor and develop a workable tour outline.  A number of sessions will be held to assist in understanding the concept of theme, proper interpretive techniques, etc.  A number of opportunities will be provided indoors and out on the field for spontaneous and prepared presentations which will be evaluated.  Upon completion of this weekend you will be scheduled to take your oral exam – the final stage in the entire licensing process.


2009 Process with the late Clyde Bell, Guide Supervisory Ranger

Tier 4: The Oral Examination

Immediately following the training weekend, the oral examination process will begin. Many veteran guides consider the oral exam to be the toughest part of the entire licensing process.  The 2006 testing cycle saw 21 individuals score high enough to be invited to training weekend and enter the oral examination process. Of those 21 only 9 individuals successfully completed the process and received a guide license. During the most recent cycle in 2017, 19 individuals (of the 94 who started) made it into the Tier 4 oral examination.  Of these again, but 9 successfully completed the oral exam and were granted guide licenses.

All candidates must successfully pass the oral examination which consists of a two-hour car tour that you give to a ranger and an LBG playing the role of visitors. You provide a vehicle and you drive.

On the appointed day you arrive at the Visitor Center and report into the desk where the examiners will be called. Prior to arriving you should have worked on a number of practice runs of the tour yur prepared with your Mentor. The ability to do a concise tour in a specified time frame is crucial to success. You must complete the tour within the assigned two hour timeframe.

The oral is treated as any normal tour of the field. The examiners play the role of visitors and will tell you where they are from. You are expected to weave that knowledge into your interpretation, to personalize the tour to the party. You will be evaluated on how successfully you are able to do that. The examiners will question you throughout the tour in order to test your knowledge and your ability to weave those answers into your narration. They will be looking for ability to present factually correct information coherently, for evidence of a common theme, for good introductions and conclusions, nice transitions day to day and site to site, an ability to keep your party spatially oriented, the ability to present at an appropriate level for your clients, your rapport with people, your tonal quality, the handling of tour mechanics, appearance, and driving ability, appropriateness of stops.  All of these and much more, will be looked at by the examiners. To say the least it is a nerve wracking experience that once endured, few wish to do again.

Throughout the trip the guide and ranger examiners will busily be taking notes, recording their observations, and marking your score on a numeric scale or rubric.  Sometimes you may be asked to return to the Visitor Center early. If this happens, you generally did something so wrong it needs to be corrected. If you do make it the whole way around, and most tours are allowed to continue to the end just to see it, then you will be asked to give the examiners about a half hour to compare notes and talk about what they saw. This half hour may seem like the longest time you’ve ever waited.

You will be taken into an office and the three parties: guide, ranger, and you, will talk about the exam. You will be critiqued. You will be asked to self-critique. You will be told what you did right, what you did wrong, and what areas you need to work on. You will be told at this time if you passed the exam or if the examiners wish you to take the test again. A majority of the guides now licensed failed the oral exam the first time through.

If you failed, you will be told exactly why and how to fix it. You will be allowed to take as much time as necessary to correct the problems, asked to take some more practice runs around the field and perhaps even hook up with a guide willing to help you work on the rough spots. You will be provided with written comments from the examiners after the initial oral exam. At your convenience, you will be asked to phone in and let them know when you are ready an you will be rescheduled, going through the whole process again.

In any given testing year about almost half of the folks who successfully pass through the first three Tiers, fail both oral exams and consequently fail Tier 4. If you fail the oral twice you must repeat the entire process. You must wait until the written test is offered again, take and pass it, go through the training session, then take the oral. Some do so and again fail, some do so and finally make it. Some simply give up.

If your examiners say “congratulations, you’ve passed!” you can breathe a deep sigh of relief. You’re almost there. At this point you will be told you will receive an evaluation in the mail as you probably still have weak points to work on in your program. At the time you are doing so someone at the park will probably check out your references and paperwork to make sure all is in order. You will receive a written form of the license which must be signed along with the statement of rules and regulations which your signature indicates you will abide by. Included with this must be payment of your annual licensing fee, ranging anywhere from $75 to $360 depending on your category. The superintendent will sign and issue your official license which is a card you must carry while on tour.

You need to acquire a uniform from the list of prescribed items. You need to visit the Visitor Center. in order to get some guide patches for your uniform. Once this is done, and the expense to do so may run anywhere from $200 up to $500 to get this far, you are ready to show up one morning prepared to conduct your first tour!!


Updated: March 15, 2021


In consideration of the services of The Association of Licensed Battlefield Guides®, their officers,  agents, and members, and/or all other persons or entities associated with those businesses (hereinafter collectively  referred to as “ALBG”) I agree as follows: 

Although ALBG has taken reasonable steps to provide me with appropriate equipment and experienced,  skilled guides so I can enjoy an activity for which I may not be skilled, ALBG has informed me this activity is not  without risk. Certain risks are inherent in each activity and cannot be eliminated without destroying the unique  character of the activity. These inherent risks are some of the same elements that contribute to the unique  character of this activity and can be the cause of loss or damage to my equipment, or accidental injury, illness, or  in extreme cases, permanent injury, trauma and/ or death. ALBG does not want to frighten me or reduce my  enthusiasm for this activity, but believes it is important for me to know in advance what to be aware of and to  expect and to be informed of the inherent risks as reasonably as possible. Most programs will be conducted on  the grounds of the Gettysburg National Military Park (“GNMP”). The following describes some, but not all, of  those risks.

  • Tripping, slipping and/or falling on uneven, slippery and/or brush and/or leaf-covered terrain
  • Exposure to severe weather, including but not limited to: Excessive cold, heat and/or humidity, sun,  heavy rain, thunderstorms, lightening and/or high winds 
  • Exposure to stinging insects, poison ivy and/or poison oak 
  • Traffic on GNMP and public roadways adjacent and through GNMP, which may be heavy at times and  may include, but is not limited to: automobiles, buses, motorcycles, scooters, horses, horse-drawn  vehicles, Segways and bicycles 

I am aware that outdoors programs entail risks of injury, trauma and/or death to any participant. I  understand the description of these inherent risks is as complete as is reasonably possible, and that other unknown  or unanticipated inherent risks may result in injury, trauma and/or death. I agree to assume and accept full  responsibility for the inherent risks identified herein and those inherent risks not specifically identified but may  also occur. My participation in this activity is purely voluntary; no one is forcing me to participate and I elect to  participate in spite of and with full knowledge of the inherent risks. 

I acknowledge that engaging in this activity may require a degree of skill and knowledge different than  other activities and that I have responsibilities as a participant. I acknowledge that the staff of ALBG [and the  Staff of the Gettysburg National Military Park who are publicly available to all Visitors for information at no  charge] has been available to more fully explain to me the nature and physical demands of this activity and the  inherent risks, hazards, and dangers associated with this activity. 

I certify that I am fully capable of participating in this activity. Therefore, I assume and accept full  responsibility for myself, including all minor children in my care, custody, and control, for bodily injury, death or  loss of personal property [including but not limited to automobiles, other vehicles, pets, etc.] and expenses as a  result of those inherent risks and dangers identified herein and those inherent risks and dangers not specifically  identified, and as a result of my negligence in participating in this activity. 

I have carefully read, clearly understood and accepted the terms and conditions stated herein and  acknowledge that this agreement shall be effective and binding upon myself, my heirs, assigns, personal  representative and estate and for all members of my family, including minor children.

Close and choose agree to continue with registration.